has subscribed to and is a member of the Civil War Reenactors in the Greater Pacific Area
For a list of their safety rules and tests, please click here.
The ACWS Gold Book Being a Guidebook
of the Rules and Regulations Of
The American Civil War Society
These are the Rules and Regulations for the ACWS
as approved by the Board of Directors
On 2 February 2002
The current in-force rules and
regulations are available at the Membership Information Booth during
This printing supercedes all versions
with an earlier date.
Section I - Purpose
Section II - Organizational Structure
Section III - Duties & Obligations
Section IV - Military Rank Structure
Section V - Civilian Corps
Section VI - Safety
Section VII - Miscellaneous
Section VIII - Disciplinary Action
Section I - Purpose
1. Intent and Goals
1.1 The intent of the ACWS is to
provide a central organizational point for individual units and
members. It shall acquire event sites and represent the unit’s interests
in planning events and scenarios.
1.2 The focus of the organization
is to provide a means for Civil War reenactors to pursue their interest
and to educate the public on the history of the American Civil War.
Section II – Organizational
2. Board Of Directors (with appointments)
2.2. Vice President
2.5 Membership Director
2.6 Confederate Brigade Commander
2.6.1. Confederate Artillery Commander
2.6.2. Confederate Cavalry Commander
2.6.3. Confederate Infantry Commander
2.6.4. Confederate Brigade Sergeant-Major/Provost
2.6.5. Confederate Brigade Chaplain
2.7. Union Brigade Commander
2.7.1. Union Artillery Commander
2.7.2. Union Cavalry Commander
2.7.3. Union Infantry Commander
2.7.4. Union Brigade Sergeant-Major/Provost
2.7.5. Union Brigade Chaplain
2.8. Civilian Corps Director
2.8.1. Band Director
2.8.2. Cadet Corps Coordinator
2.8.3. Cotillion Coordinator
2.8.5. Sutler Coordinator
2.9. Public Relations Director
2.10. Other Board Appointed Positions
2.10.1. Artillery Coordinator
2.10.2. Cavalry Coordinator
2.10.3. Specialty Impressions
Back To Contents
Section III – Duties
3.1. Board of Directors (Non-Period
3.1.1. Board members shall be
appointed by existing Board members to serve at the pleasure of
the Board. They may step down or be replaced by the vote of the
Board at any time.
3.12 The Board is responsible
for all aspects of Association and event non-period administration
as well as for approving overall Period Impressions.
3.1.3. The Board shall meet quarterly
in order to conduct Association business.These meetings are open
to the membership and all members, regardless of impression portrayed,
are invited to take part.
184.108.40.206. Closed sessions to
discuss personnel or other sensitive matters may be held during
regular meetings. Non-Board members may be excluded during the closed
sessions. Closed sessions may not exceed 25% of the regular meeting
220.127.116.11. The President may
call special meetings when deemed necessary and he may call for
telephone or electronic mail votes on timely matters that may arise
between meeting dates.
3.1.4. The Board shall be available
at events in order to render administrative decisions as needed.
3.2. Period Impressions
3.2.1. Civilian Corps. Consists of all
non-military impressions, with the exception of those approved Specialty
Impressions who shall answer directly to the Board.
3.2.2. Confederate Brigade. Consists
of all members doing a Confederate military impression, with the
exception of those approved Specialty Impressions who shall answer
directly to the Board.
3.2.3. Union Brigade. Consists of all
members doing a Union military impression, with the exception of
those approved Specialty Impressions who shall answer directly to
3.2.4. Reenactment units or groups.
Units or groups attending ACWS events must fall in under one of
the above listed brigades or the civilian corps.
3.3. Unit Obligations
3.3.1. New military units wishing to
join ACWS must first gain approval from the Board. The senior representative
of the unit must provide the Board with a letter of intent with
a roster, abridged unit history, and required gear list and authenticity
standards for the unit ( see Appendix A). If approved, the unit shall join in a probationary
status. The unit shall remain in such a status until it fields the
following numbers at 50% of the ACWS events in a one-year period:
18.104.22.168. Infantry - eight (8) combatants
22.214.171.124. Cavalry, fighting on foot
- eight (8) combatants plus NCO.
126.96.36.199. Cavalry, mounted - four
(4) each trooper and horse plus NCO and horse.
188.8.131.52. Artillery - one (1) gun
184.108.40.206. Members/units are required
to maintain impressions that are documented as being that of units
that were in the Union Army and the Confederate Army circa 1861-1865.
Units must seek approval for impressions from the Board before assuming
any specific impression. (see appendix A)
220.127.116.11. Items/impressions that
are identified as non-period by Brigade Commanders must be removed/replaced
as soon as practicable. If there is any dispute as to the authenticity
of an item/impression it shall be brought to the attention of the
Board for a final decision. All parties involved shall abide by
the Board’s decision.
18.104.22.168. Women shall be encouraged
to portray soldiers as well as portraying documented Vivandiere/Cantinierre
impressions. However, Vivandieres/Cantinierres must belong to an
existing unit. As such they shall be allowed to take the field and
shall fall under the command of their respective Company, Troop
or Battery commander. Women doing soldier impressions must carry/wear
the same equipment/uniforms as men and make an effort to hide their
true gender while doing such impressions. They are expected to pass
the “Five Foot Rule,” that is, at a five (5) foot or greater distance,
the average spectator should be unable to distinguish a male soldier
from a female soldier.
3.4. Rank Ratio. Regardless
of unit structure or other reenacting organizations' policies/rankings,
members attending ACWS events are expected to adhere to the ACWS’s
3.4.1. A unit’s rank/ratio must meet
ACWS requirements for each event attended.
3.4.2. If units are consolidated, the
Battalion Commander and the units shall chose the appropriate number
of officers/NCOs for the unit. All others should refrain from wearing
rank for the entire event, both in and out of camp.
3.4.3. The following rank ratio shall
be followed for Infantry:
|| 1st Sgt.
|| 2nd Lt.
example if you have 5 Pvts then you can also have 1 Cpl for a total of 6 persons in the ranks,
3.4.4. The following rank ratio shall
be followed for Cavalry without horses, fighting on foot.
|| 1st Sgt.
|| 2nd Lt.
example if you have 3 Pvts then you can also have 1 cpl for a total of 4 persons in the ranks,
3.4.5. The following rank ratio shall
be followed for Cavalry with horses support personnel.
|| 1st Sgt.
|| 2nd Lt.
example if you have 2-3 Pvts then you can also have 1 cpl for a total of 3-4 persons in the ranks,
3.4.6. The following rank ratio shall
be followed for Artillery.
|| 1st Sgt.
|| 2nd Lt.
example if you have 3 Pvts then you can also have 1 cpl and 1 sgt for a total of 5 persons in the ranks,
Back To Contents
Section IV - Military
Rank Structure & Command
4. Command Authorization
22.214.171.124. There shall be no Staff
or Headquarters whether combatant or non-combatant, other than that
of the respective Brigade Commanders. Brigade Command Staff shall
consist of the Brigade Commander, his aide-de-camp/Adjutant (if
desired), the Artillery, Cavalry and Infantry Battalion Commanders (see below),
the Brigade Sergeant Major/Provost, the Brigade Chaplain, a Brigade
clerk (if desired) and the number of runners/messengers deemed necessary
by the Brigade Commander.
4.1.2. Brigade Commanders
126.96.36.199. Brigade Commanders shall
be assigned the rank of (Col). They shall be selected by the ACWS
Board and be placed on the Board, They may step down or be replaced by the vote of the Board
at any time.
188.8.131.52. Brigade Commanders are
responsible for ensuring that their respective brigades are aware
of and follow all rules set forth by the ACWS. Brigade Commanders
shall correct any infractions by members of their brigades and if
necessary informs the Board for further action.
184.108.40.206. Brigade Commanders are
responsible for the setup, security and authenticity of their camps.
220.127.116.11. Brigade Commanders shall
meet with their counterpart, the Goodwill Ambassadors and the Civilian
Coordinator at Brigade Commanders’ Call prior to battle scenarios
and script the movements, outcome and crowd control. If any dispute
therein arises they shall defer the decision to the Board.
18.104.22.168. The Brigade Commander shall
have an Officers’ Call with the Commanders of the Infantry, Cavalry
and Artillery Battalions. He may, at his discretion, include Company,
Troop or Battery Commanders. At this Officers’ Call he shall instruct
the Commanders of the expected outcome of the scenario and the movement
22.214.171.124. Brigade Commanders shall
be the sole supervisor of the movement and safety of their brigades
on the field. No other person may give orders to units except through
126.96.36.199. Brigade Commanders shall
be assisted in his duties by an aide-de-camp/adjutant (1st Lt. -
Capt.). The Brigade Commanders shall also have a Sergeant-Major/Provost Marshall and one or
more enlisted messengers and a Brigade Color bearer if so desired.
4.1.3. Battalion Commanders
188.8.131.52. Artillery, Cavalry and
Infantry Battalion Commanders (Major) are selected by
the Brigade Commanders subject to Board approval and serve for one
calendar year. They may serve for more than one term. They may step
down or be removed by the Board at any time. They may have a limited staff,( Adjutant and Sgt
Major) that is approved by the Brigade Commander.
184.108.40.206. Artillery, Cavalry and
Infantry Battalion Commanders answer to the Brigade Commander and
are responsible for the conduct of their respective branches in
camp and during battles. They shall work closely with the Brigade
Commander and advise him on the capabilities of their troops. The
Brigade Commander may choose either his aide-de-camp/Adjutant or
his Infantry Battalion Commander to be the Brigade Executive Officer.
Said Brigade Executive Officer shall be Acting Brigade Commander
if the appointed Brigade Commander cannot make an event.
4.1.4. Company, Battery and Troop Commanders
220.127.116.11. Persons commanding units at ACWS events on and off the field must be at least 18 years of
age During battle scenarios NCO's under 18 may lead due to battle field casualties with
the approval of either the Brigade or Battalion commanders. The individual unit commanders are
elected or appointed per the individual Unit procedure.
18.104.22.168. Company, Battery and Troop
Commanders are selected by their respective units. At an ACWS event
these commanders must have the appropriate number of soldiers per
ACWS regulations to justify their rank. If they do not have the
appropriate numbers they shall be expected to not wear the rank
at that event whether in camp or on the field. Company Commanders,
officers or NCOs who willfully violate these regulations shall answer
to their respective Brigade Commander.
22.214.171.124. Company, Battery and Troop
Commanders are responsible for informing their commands of the rules
and regulations and ensuring they are followed on and off the field.
They shall work with and answer to their Battalion Commanders and
the Brigade Commander.
126.96.36.199. During battle scenarios
the Company, Battery and Troop Commanders are responsible for the
safety of their unit and for following the scenario as ordered by
their Battalion or Brigade Commander.
4.1.5. Brigade Sergeant-Major/Provost
188.8.131.52. The Brigade Sergeant-Major/Provost Marshal shall be selected the Brigade Commanders. He
shall serve for one calendar year. He may serve more than one term. He may step down or be
removed by the Brigade commanders at any time. If the Sergeant- Major will not be able to make
an event, a temporary Sergeant-Major may be appointed by the Brigade Commander.
184.108.40.206. The Brigade Sergeant Major
shall assist the Brigade Commander in passing orders in camp and
on the field. He shall assist with Brigade inspections and drill.
He shall conduct weapons and ACWS membership card inspections before
each battle. He shall be responsible for the issuing of scrip. He
shall assign provost duties as required and set up the camp guard
at night. During battles he shall assist the Brigade Commander by
ensuring safety procedures are followed in the ranks and by relaying
orders from commanders as needed.
4.1.6. Senior NCOs
220.127.116.11. Units attending ACWS events
are restricted to fielding Company level NCOs only and may only
field these NCOs according to the ACWS Rank Structure. Any other
NCO impression (QM Sergeant, Ordnance Sergeant, etc.) must be documented
and approved by the Brigade Commander. Otherwise, the highest-ranking
enlisted member of a Company, Battery or Troop may only be a 1st
4.2.1. Brigade Chaplain
18.104.22.168. Brigade Chaplains (2nd
Lt. to Capt.) shall be selected by the Board with recommendations
from the Brigade Commanders and shall serve for one calendar year.
He may serve more than one term. He may step down or be removed
by the Board at any time. He is to be considered a non-combatant
although he is listed in the respective Brigade command structure.
22.214.171.124. The Chaplains shall conduct
Sunday Services and may conduct other ceremonies such as weddings,
baptisms, etc., if legally ordained or licensed, at events with
prior Civilian Corps Coordinator approval. For playacting, dramatic
interpretation or skits, the Chaplain need not be a true ordained
Minister. All non-military activities must coordinated with the
Civilian Corps Director.
126.96.36.199. During battles the Chaplains
may assist the Medical/Ambulance Corps, under the direction of the
188.8.131.52. If a Chaplain wishes to
participate as a combatant he must remove his rank and vestments
and fall into an organized Company, Battery or Troop with the appropriate
arms. At no time, whether in camp on the field, shall the Chaplain
be under arms while wearing his vestments/rank of office.
4.2.2. Unit Chaplains
184.108.40.206. Members wishing to do a
unit Chaplain impression at an event where the Brigade Chaplain
is present must do so without rank. If the Brigade Chaplain is unable
to make an event, an individual may request of the Board and appropriate
Brigade Commander that he fill in for the event. If approved he
may wear the appropriate rank and be the acting Brigade Chaplain.
4.2.3. Brigade Surgeon
220.127.116.11. Brigade Surgeons (2nd
Lt. to Capt.) shall be selected by the Brigade commanders, serve for
one calendar year term. He may serve more than one term. He may step down or be removed
by the Board at any time. Any other member doing a doctor impression may do so as a civilian
or as part of the enlisted Ambulance Corps. If the Brigade Surgeon will be absent from an
event, a member who does a unit surgeon may request of the Hospital Corps Director and
appropriate Brigade Commander that they be allowed to fill the position for the event. If
approved the member may wear the appropriate rank and be the acting Brigade Surgeon.
18.104.22.168. The Brigade Surgeon is responsible for the safety/authenticity of the Brigade’s medical
impression. He answers to the Brigade Commander while actually on the field, although he is
considered a non- combatant. At no time shall he be armed in camp or on the field unless
wearing a Medical Officer’s sword with the dress uniform on parade or inspection. If he chooses
to take the field as a combatant, he must remove all rank and symbols of position and fall in with
an existing unit with appropriate arms for that impression.
22.214.171.124. The Brigade Surgeon is
in charge of uniformed ambulance corps (military) and the medical
actions of the Chaplain on the field. He shall have no authority
over combatants assisting comrades. At no time shall he allow civilian
nurses near the front lines during combat. Following combat he shall
supervise the actions of the civilian nurses providing water to
4.2.4. Other Officer Impressions
126.96.36.199. Any member requesting to
do other officer impressions may not do so without prior approval
of the Board and his respective Brigade Commander. No member shall
at any time, no matter how short of a duration, wear an officer
uniform in camp or on the field without approval. Only
exception being Paragraph 4.3.31.
188.8.131.52. Visiting officers are expected
to have the troops to justify their rank as listed in Section III,
Paragraph 3.4 inclusive. They shall not be allowed to attach to
Staffs or Headquarters and maintain their rank.
4.3.1. ACWS Board Members
184.108.40.206. Board Members are considered
to be administratively and not operationally in control of military
functions. Board Members are only expected to address on-the-spot
issues dealing with safety and regulations. Board members, other
than those who have military command as described within these regulations,
shall not issue orders in camp or on the field.
4.3.2. Specialty Impressions
220.127.116.11. The Board approves Specialty
Impressions for a one calendar year term. They may serve more than
one term. They may step down or be removed by the Board at anytime.
18.104.22.168. Specialty Impressions are
neither military nor civilian controlled. Rather, they serve at
the direction of the Board.
22.214.171.124. Specialty Impressions may
not interfere with military or civilian activities.
126.96.36.199. All uniformed soldiers
shall still observe proper military courtesy with established Specialty
188.8.131.52. The following Specialty
Impression positions are permanently established by the ACWS:
184.108.40.206.1. President and Mrs. Lincoln
220.127.116.11.2. President and Mrs. Davis
18.104.22.168.3. General Grant
22.214.171.124.4. General Lee
126.96.36.199.5. Other Impressions as presented and approved.
188.8.131.52. General Grant and General
Lee are to be respected as ACWS Goodwill Ambassadors. No other Specialty
Impression may speak for the ACWS unless said Specialty Impression
holds an additional Board appointed position that grants such action.
184.108.40.206. The aide-de-camps for Generals
Grant and Lee shall assist the Generals as needed as they interact
with the public at large and shall have the rank of Captain only,
except when expressly approved in writing by the Board.
220.127.116.11. No other Specialty Impressions
may have any staff members, messengers or aides.
18.104.22.168. The intent of these Specialty
Impressions is for the public’s education only. These members are
considered to be non-combatants and are not to take the field at
any time. They have no command authority over any military members.
Other than the Goodwill Ambassadors, all military interaction with
troops shall be done for public observation only and shall only
be done at the discretion and direction of the Brigade Commanders.
22.214.171.124. Any member wishing to do
a Specialty Impression must petition the Board and be approved before
they attempt to do such impression at an event
4.3.3. Cotillion Impressions
126.96.36.199. At ACWS sponsored dances
or cotillions any member may assume any period correct impression,
rank or uniform that he or she wishes. Otherwise rank/impression
restrictions apply at all ACWS events.
Back To Contents
Section V Civilian
5. Civilian Corps Coordinator
5.1. The Civilian Corps Coordinator is
appointed by the Board and shall serve for one calendar year. They
may step down or be removed by the Board at any time. They shall
represent the interests of all civilians, both Union and Confederate.
5.2. The Civilian Corps Coordinator is
tasked with the following:
5.2.1. Implement and supervise crowd
control during battle scenarios.
5.2.2. Ensure crowd control is in place
10 minutes prior to the battle.
5.2.3. Ensure crowd control members
keep spectators from crossing barriers.
5.2.4. Ensure that crowd control members
know that they are to call a cease-fire to the combatants if a hazard
5.2.5. The Civilian Corps Coordinator
(or representative) shall attend Brigade Officers’ Call to find
out where to post members during crowd control.
5.2.6. Conduct fund raising
5.2.7. Event planning for socials,
dances, cotillions, fashion shows, baseball games etc.
Back To Contents
Section VI Safety
6. Safety And Security
6.1. At this time the ACWS standard safety test is the Pacwar safety test, Please see your Branch
Commanders, or Civilian Leader for details.
6.1.1. Camp Safety.
6.1.2. Commanders are responsible for
the safety of their units in camp.
6.1.3. Fires shall be made in accordance
with site requirements and members or sentries shall maintain a
6.1.4. Children's conduct shall monitored
at all times by their parent or guardian.
6.1.5. Units shall ensure that trip
hazards (tent lines, fire pits etc) are minimized and clearly marked.
6.1.6. All sharp objects (knives, swords,
axes, hatchets, tools etc) shall be properly stored and secured.
6.1.7. All vehicle or animal movement
shall be done at a safe speed and extreme caution shall be taken
when driving or backing around people equipment.
6.1.8. All pets shall be watched after
(kept on a leash if necessary for safety) and cleaned up after.
6.1.9. Pets that are judged to be a
safety hazard or a nuisance shall not be allowed.
6.1.10. Members are expected to maintain
quiet hours from 110 p.m. to 6 a.m.
6.1.11. Any non-member entering camp
after 10 p.m. must have a member escort/sponsor physically with
them at all times. At no time shall a non-member be allowed to walk
unescorted through the camps after this time.
6.1.12. Firearms shall not be discharged
in camp unless it is done under supervision of a Brigade/Company
NCO or Officer. When firing the person discharging the weapon must
give the modern warning “Fire in the Hole.” Under no circumstances
shall weapons be discharged between the hours of 10 p.m. and 6 a.m.,
unless as a member of the guard force as addressed in Paragraph
6.1.13. When rolling small arms cartridges
or loading pistols there must not be open flames or smoking within
20 feet. When rolling artillery rounds there must not be open flames
or smoking within 50 feet.
6.2. Camp Security
6.2.1. The ACWS is not responsible
for the loss, theft or damage of any member's property at events.
Members should take care to keep accountability of, or safely secure
their own valuables and property.
6.2.2. Each brigade, at the Brigade
Commanders discretion, may post a camp guard during daylight hours.
Unless told otherwise a guard is mandatory at night from 10 p.m.
to 6 a.m. The intent of the guard force is to deter theft and enforce
rules and regulations.
6.2.3. The guard shall be set up and
inspected by the Brigade Sergeant Major prior to 10 p.m.
6.2.4. The guard shall consist of a
sentry force and a Corporal of the Guard and/or an Officer of the
6.2.5. All members regardless of rank
are expected to obey directives and orders from the guard force
concerning rules, regulations or conduct.
6.2.6. If a breach of rules, regulations
or conduct occurs and the sentry cannot rectify the situation, he
is to summon the Corporal of the Guard, Officer of the Day or Sergeant-Major/Provost
Marshall. If of a serious enough nature, they may summon a Board
member and/or law enforcement.
6.2.7. The guard force is to keep a
log and enter any significant events in it. Frivolous entries are
6.2.8. In extreme cases the guard may
discharge a percussion cap in order to sound the alarm in camp.
6.2.9. All units are expected to provide
members to serve on the guard force when requested by the Provost
Marshall. Lack of cooperation by units shall be considered as a
failure to obey regulations and the Board reserves the right to
conduct disciplinary action against the unit and its commander.
6.3. Battlefield Safety
6.3.1. Under no circumstances shall
a unit or an individual at an ACWS event conduct a scenario/battle
without the approval of both Brigade commanders.
6.3.2. Each individual is responsible
for his own actions and safety on the field. Any member, regardless
of rank or position, has the right and the responsibility to refuse
any orders from any officer that is unsafe.
6.3.3. Any member may correct any unsafe
behavior he sees or call “cease fire” if injury to an individual
6.3.4. Only combatants that have stood
an pre-battle safety inspection shall be allowed to take the field.
6.3.5. Weapons shall be test fired
(cap only) just before taking the field under supervision of the
6.3.6. No one shall discharge a weapon
until given the command by his unit commander.
6.3.7. Ramrods shall remain in the
keeper and will not be drawn on the field.
6.3.8. Bayonets and knifes will not
be drawn/fixed and must be in secure sheath with no sharp edges
exposed or danger of falling out.
6.3.9. FFg and FFFg powder are the
only authorized propellants for small arms.
6.3.10. Cartridges shall not exceed
70-75 grains for .54 to.58 cal or 90 grains for .69 cal.
6.3.11. Cartridges shall be made of
paper only and shall not be constructed with tape, staples or any
other metallic or hard materiel with the exception of solid blanks
used in Burnside, Henry or other period repeating carbines.
6.3.12. Loose powder in flasks, horns,
etc shall not be carried on, or used to load on the field.
6.3.13. Firing shall be allowed from the prone position if ground conditions are deemed safe by the Brigade Commanders.
6.3.14. When within thirty (30) feet
combatants shall not fire directly at each other. They shall raise
their weapons at least 45 degrees before discharging them. No one
shall fire within thirty (30) feet of an artillery limber.
6.3.15. Any 2-band muskets must be
placed in the front rank when firing in two ranks.
6.3.16. Pistols shall use only cream
of wheat, bore butter or florist foam for loading. No other packing
material will be allowed.
6.3.17. Extra cylinders must be carried
in a correct pouch.
6.3.18. Pistols must be carried in
a non-concealed holster belted around the waist.
6.3.19. Cavalry on foot may only carry two pistols;
all other impressions (officers, documented NCOs and documented
artillery) are limited to one.
6.3.20. The use of non-period/ non- military firearms shall not be used unless documented for said unit.
6.3.21. There shall be no hand to hand
combat, capturing of colors or the "taking and turning" of cannons
unless previously arranged and rehearsed by the Brigade Commanders
and the individual unit commanders.
6.3.22. If a real medical emergency
occurs any member should shout "Medic" which is the signal to have
any 21st Century EMTs check on the individual.
6.3.23. Following the battle all weapons
must be completely cleared under supervision of the Brigade Commander.
6.3.24. All members on the field must
obey commands from Company/Battalion/Brigade Commanders
6.3.25 No member taking the field
may consume alcohol after midnight the night before the battle.
6.3.26. No battle may be started until
the field is cleared of non-combatants (other than military medical
corps and Chaplains) and spectators.
6.3.27. No person is to smoke in ranks,
while carrying gunpowder or within fifteen (15) feet of formations
where members are carrying gunpowder on their person.
6.3.28. Only authorized officers, documented
NCOS and mounted cavalry may carry and draw swords or sabers on
the field. The sword/saber shall be used for command purposes only
unless its use as a hand-to-hand weapon is scripted in accordance
with Paragraph 6.3.20.
6.3.29. At no time shall live ammunition
be carried in the cartridge box, on the field in any capacity, or
loaded into a weapon at an event, the exception being sanctioned
live fire events.
6.3.30. No paper or other objects shall
be placed down the bore when on the field. All tampions/muzzle plugs
shall be removed prior to taking the field.
6.3.31. Each individual is responsible
for safely firing his musket while in the ranks in regard to proper
placement of the muzzle and firing mechanism.
6.3.32. No person may act for the ACWS
in rendering first-aid unless they have presented the Hospital Corps
Coordinator with a current certification attesting to their status
as a Certified Medical Professional such as EMT’s, Paramedics, Registered
Nurses or Medical Doctors, and have been accepted by the Hospital
Corps Coordinator as allowed to respond.
6.4. Individual Conduct
6.4.1. Each member must conduct himself
or herself appropriately while at events. Members who engage in
unacceptable conduct shall be disciplined as the Board directs.
Unacceptable behavior or conduct includes but may not be limited
to the following offenses:
188.8.131.52. Drunk and disorderly.
184.108.40.206. Use of illegal substances.
220.127.116.11. Contributing to the delinquency
of a minor.
18.104.22.168. Willful destruction of
22.214.171.124. Discourteous, lewd or profane
actions or language towards members or the public.
126.96.36.199. Provocative or disrespectful
words or actions towards the opposing side, including symbols and
images, whether in camp or on the field.
188.8.131.52. Violation of any safety
rule or regulation in camp or on the field.
184.108.40.206. Willful disobedience of
orders on the field or in camp.
220.127.116.11. Any action or statement
that the Board considers to be improper or controversial in nature
and is deemed to be damaging to the reputation of the ACWS.
6.5.1. Minors are defined as any member
below the age of 18. Each minor must have an assigned Parent or
guardian to attend an event. Individual units shall be responsible
for the training and supervision of minors in their organization.
6.5.2. Members 16 to17 years of age
may function as full-fledged combatants with parental consent and
an assigned guardian.
6.5.3. Members 14 to 15 years of age
may function as armed combatants only after they have successfully
attended a safety class, passed a test administered by the Brigade
Provost and received the permission of the Brigade Commander. They
must have a parent or assigned (in writing) guardian with them on
the field. They may also serve as messengers, functioning musicians,
in the ambulance corps or flagbearers.
6.5.4. Minors 12 and 13 years old may
perform powder running duties on an artillery crew provided they
have attended a safety class, passed a test administered by the
Artillery Coordinator and are accepted by the Brigade Commander.
They must have a parent or assigned (in writing) guardian with them
on the field. They must have a parent or assigned (in writing) guardian
with them on the field. They may also serve as messengers, functioning
musicians, in the ambulance corps or carry the Artillery Battalion
Commander’s flag so long as he is behind the gun line and not threatened
by opposing forces. They must retire from the field if confronted
by opposing forces.
6.5.5. Otherwise minors 13 years of
age and under may not take the field under any circumstances.
6.5.6. Minors under 14 may (and are
encouraged to) conduct drills with their respective company/brigade
and perform military tasks in camp with the exception of night time
brigade guard/provost duty.
6.6. Weapons Inspections
6.6.1. Before each battle the Brigade
Commander shall have a safety inspection conducted during the formation
of his brigade This shall be supervised by the Sergeant-Major.
6.6.2. Weapons shall be checked for
fouling by springing the ramrod in the bore. The half cock shall
be checked and the inspector shall make sure the hammer is not misaligned
or any screws loose in the lock mechanism or the barrel bands.
6.6.3. All side arms will be inspected and declared safe by the sgt Major or Brigade appointee before they are loaded, this will be done prior to formation.
6.6.4. Company Commanders shall certify
to the Inspecting officer that all pistols in their command were
loaded properly and in their presence.
6.6.5. Cartridge boxes shall be checked
for proper construction of rounds.
6.6.6. Canteens shall be checked to
ensure they are full.
6.6.7. Bayonet/knife scabbards shall
be checked to ensure they are safe.
6.6.8. Any non-period items shall be
replaced/removed if practicable.
6.6.9. Members shall present a current
ACWS membership card or a day-pass.
6.6.10. Any weapon not passing the inspection
shall not be allowed on the field until it is cleaned and/or repaired.
6.6.11. Members shall not be allowed
to take the field without water.
6.6.12. Individuals without an ACWS
card or day-pass shall not be able to take the field until they
have proof of membership.
6.6.13. Any member who arrives after
the inspection may be inspected at the Battalion Commander’s discretion
before he can take the field. Once the scenario has started no walk-ons
or inspections shall be allowed.
6.6.14. The Brigade Commander has the
authority to not allow someone to take the field if he feels they
are not properly trained or not in an appropriate physical or mental
state to do so. He may also, at his discretion, elect to have that
individual take the field in an unarmed capacity such as color bearer,
ambulance corps or messenger as long as said individual meets the
age and authenticity requirements for that impression.
6.7. Artillery Regulations
6.7.1. Only full-scale artillery pieces
are allowed to participate at ACWS events.
6.7.2. Carriages should be either number
one or two type.
6.7.3. Use of the M1841 mountain howitzer
is allowed by the ACWS.
6.7.4. All field pieces must be period
correct, inspected and approved by the ACWS Artillery Coordinator
prior to taking the field.
6.7.5. Trench guns or gattling guns
shall not be allowed on the field.
6.7.6. Homemade or poorly constructed
cannons shall be prohibited.
6.7.7. Full-scale mortars shall only
be used in trench or siege warfare scenarios.
6.7.8. Only cannon grade Fg or FFFFa
powder shall be used to construct artillery rounds.
6.7.9. Rounds shall be constructed
in a container of either a triple layer of heavy-duty aluminum foil
or six (6) layers of standard weight aluminum foil.
6.7.10. Use of plastic Baggies for
the construction of rounds is prohibited.
6.7.11. Rounds shall not leak or have
any exposed powder.
6.7.12. Charges shall not exceed three
(3) ounces of powder for every one (1) inch of bore diameter.
6.7.13. No open flame or smoking is
allowed with 50 feet of an area where construction of rounds is
taking place or where rounds are being stored.
6.7.14. Artillery rounds are to be
stored in a limber chest or suitable lockable container at all times.
6.7.15. Artillery pieces must have
a minimum crew of three (3) to be able to fire.
6.7.16. Battery members 16 to17 years
of age may function as full-fledged combatants with parental consent
and an assigned guardian. Battery members 14 to 15 years of age
may run powder but may not otherwise function as armed combatants
unless they have attended a safety class, passed a test administered
by the Artillery Coordinator and are accepted by the Brigade Commander.
6.7.17. Minimum range at which Artillery
may engage a target to its front is 75 feet. Cavalry or infantry
may not discharge their weapons within a 30-foot radius of a limber
6.7.18. The capturing/ turning of guns
during battles is prohibited unless scripted and approved in advance.
At no time shall a loaded gun be handled by anyone other than its
crew or trained artillerymen.
6.7.19. Cannon crews must know and
follow the uniform signals for letting the combatants know if the
gun is loaded, unloaded or has experienced a misfire.
6.8. Cavalry Regulations
18.104.22.168. If a mount becomes unmanageable
the rider must either calm it down or leave the field.
22.214.171.124. When in close proximity
to individuals on foot horses shall be ridden no faster than a trot.
126.96.36.199. Attacks shall cease if
anyone in the immediate vicinity had been unhorsed.
188.8.131.52. Horses may not be left
unattended at any time.
184.108.40.206. No riding of horses shall
be allowed in the bivouac area after dark.
220.127.116.11. All saber hand-to-hand
combat must be previously scripted and rehearsed.
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Section VII Miscellaneous
7. Sutlers & Press
7.1.1. The Board shall appoint a Sutler
Coordinator. The term shall be for one calendar year. They may serve
more than one term. They may step down or be removed by the Board
at any time.
7.1.2. The Sutler Coordinator shall
report to the Civilian Corps Director.
7.1.3. The Sutler Coordinator shall
ensure that all sutlers fill out, turn in or update applications
to the ACWS.
7.1.4. Only approved sutlers may attend
7.1.5. The Sutler Coordinator shall
contact all sutlers at least two weeks prior to an event to confirm
7.1.6. The Sutler Coordinator, in conjunction
with the Civilian Corps Director, shall designate the areas where
each sutler is to set up.
7.2.1. Any member of the press requesting
to cover an ACWS event must contact the Public Relations Director
beforehand. Press Members must follow directive restrictions given
by the Public Relations Director in regards to conduct/safety.
7.2.2. Press members must sign a waiver
form in order to be granted permission to cover events.
7.2.3. Units who do not wish their
images to be published without their consent must advise the Public
Relations Director so he can arrange for them to give/withhold consent
from the press.
7.2.4. At no time may any type of pictures,
images or recordings of ACWS events be used for profit without the
approval of the Board.
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Section VIII Disciplinary
8. Disciplinary Action
8.1. ACWS members who violate any regulation
or rule are subject to be disciplined by the organization. The following
are examples of disciplinary actions.
18.104.22.168. A member may be dismissed
from a battle, from the event for one day or from the entire event
for breaking an ACWS rule or regulation.
22.214.171.124. Only the President, Vice
President or Brigade Commanders may exercise this right over military
members. The President, Vice President or Civilian Coordinator may
exercise this right over civilians.
126.96.36.199. Dismissal falls under "Just
Cause" and is at the discretion of the ACWS. It is administrative,
not punitive in nature and the member must follow the directives
given. However, he may submit an appeal in writing to the Board
objecting to his dismissal. If the Board feels the dismissal was
unwarranted they may clear the member’s record and refund a prorated
amount of his membership fee for that weekend and any other event
entry fees the member had to pay. Members who are dismissed from
an event may also be subject to a disciplinary hearing that may
result in the Board taking further action such as censure, probation,
suspension or expulsion.
8.1.2. Temporary Suspension
188.8.131.52. Members who have violated
ACWS regulations may be temporarily suspended awaiting a disciplinary
hearing. This suspension is considered administrative in nature,
and during this suspension the member is not allowed to take part
8.1.3. Disciplinary Hearings
184.108.40.206. Disciplinary Hearings are
held by the Board to examine cases of individuals who have broken
ACWS regulations and whose actions where considered to be harmful
to the functioning and reputation of the ACWS. These hearings must
be held by at least five (5) members of the Board. At this time they shall
examine all evidence/statements about the incident(s) in question
and vote on action to be taken.
220.127.116.11. Members who are the subject
of the hearing may present written statements or witnesses in front
of the Board. They shall be informed of the time and place of the
hearing and all specifications of alleged violations they are accused
of committing. They may personally appear in front of the Board
if they wish and shall be allotted 30 minutes to present evidence
on their behalf. If the President deems it proper he may give the
member more time.
18.104.22.168. Deliberations shall be
closed. Any decision must be arrived on by a majority vote.The Board
may take the following actions:
22.214.171.124.1.1. Drop part or all of the charges or refer
the matter to the member's unit for action.
126.96.36.199.1.2. Censure the individual either orally or
188.8.131.52.1.3. Place the member on probation with terms
defined by the Board.
184.108.40.206.1.4. Suspend the individual for the amount of
time decided by the Board and designate terms for the individual's
return to the ACWS.
220.127.116.11.1.5. Permanent expulsion of the member.
18.104.22.168. Upon reaching a decision
the Board shall notify the member of the action taken and send the
member via certified mail a written statement outlining the action
and terms decided by the Board.
22.214.171.124. The Board may, when directed
by the President, hold another hearing and vote to suspend or vacate
suspension or expulsion of a member.
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Non-Association Units - Information Needed to Participate at ACWS Events.
Commander’s Name and Rank:
Commander’s Contact Information
Date of Unit Representation:
(Dates that your impression represents of the unit above, i.e., January to July 1864)
Information to submit:
Unit authenticity standards. Must be in-conformance with ACWS requirements (Rule 3.3.1). Units are required to maintain impressions that are documented as being that of units that were in the Union Army and the Confederate Army circa 1861-1865. Uniform and equipment standards. Must be in-conformance with ACWS requirements (Rules 3.3.1 and 3.3.2) and be consistent with the time frame of the unit being portrayed. Uniforms and equipment must be documented as being used by the unit being represented.
Names of members in unit and their rank. Rank must not exceed ACWS requirements (Rule 3.4).
Abridged history of the unit (Rule 3.3.1).
Minimum Personnel Required:
To take the field, the unit must provide the following minimum personnel when they attend an ACWS event:
Infantry - eight (8) combatants plus NCO. (Rule 126.96.36.199)
Cavalry, fighting on foot - eight (8) combatants plus NCO. (Rule 188.8.131.52)
Cavalry, mounted - four (4) each trooper and horse plus NCO and horse. (Rule 184.108.40.206)
Artillery - one (1) gun with crew of five (5). (Rule 220.127.116.11)
If the unit is determined by the Brigade and Battalion Commanders to be safe and meet the ACWS authenticity, uniform, and equipment standards, the following minimum personnel are needed to attend any future ACWS event:
Infantry – five (5) combatants plus NCO.
Cavalry, fighting on foot – five (5) combatants plus NCO.
Cavalry, mounted – three (3) each trooper and horse plus NCO and horse.
Artillery - one (1) gun with crew of four (4).
If the numbers above are not met, the unit is subject be ‘blended’ with another unit. If units are consolidated, the Battalion Commander and the Unit Commanders shall determine the appropriate number of officers/NCO's for the blended unit. All others should refrain from wearing rank for the entire event, both in and out of camp (Rule 3.4.2)
ACWS powder issue procedure
The ACWS infantry powder issue is set up as an incentive to help units to increase unit membership with the powder issue as a bonus for the units at our event.
To qualify, this is for all active ACWS infantry and cavalry units and is set up as follows, and applies only to stand-alone unit, not composite units.
A stand alone is defined as existing unit with 8 plus members.
A composite unit is a" unit" combined from members of 2 or more units for the event.
Units with 8 rifles going on the field at the event will receive 1 issue per person per day at the event.
Units with 15 rifles going on the field at the event will receive 2 issues per person per day at the event.
( The key word is going on the field with rifles, cavalry units may use shotguns in place of rifles)
An issue is 10 rounds either bundled or loose.
Infantry issue forms for tracking will be handed out at events
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